Spring Boot makes it easy to develop web applications using the Spring MVC framework. Here are some of the key features and components of Spring Boot web applications:
- Controllers: Controllers are used to handle HTTP requests and map them to appropriate responses. Spring Boot provides a variety of annotations such as
@RequestMappingthat can be used to define controllers.
- Views: Views are used to generate HTML, XML, or JSON responses to HTTP requests. Spring Boot supports various view technologies such as Thymeleaf, JSP, and Velocity.
- Model: The Model represents the data that is passed between the controller and the view. Spring Boot provides a variety of annotations such as
@RequestBodythat can be used to define the model.
- Templates: Templates are used to generate HTML, XML, or JSON views. Spring Boot provides a variety of template engines such as Thymeleaf, Mustache, and FreeMarker.
- Error Handling: Spring Boot provides a centralized error handling mechanism that can be used to handle exceptions and return appropriate responses to the client.
- Security: Spring Boot provides various security features such as authentication and authorization that can be used to secure your web application.
- WebSockets: Spring Boot also provides support for WebSockets, which allows for real-time communication between the client and server.
In summary, Spring Boot provides a variety of features and components that make it easy to develop web applications using the Spring MVC framework, including controllers, views, models, templates, static resources, error handling, security, and WebSockets.